Dynamic Grid Fusion for ADAS and AD

The high detection rate, low false alarm rate, and low compute requirements make the Dynamic Grid the ideal grid fusion technology for the next generation's ADAS and automated driving functions.

The Dynamic Grid has several valuable properties for future ADAS systems.

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Benefits of the Dynamic Grid

The benefits of the Dynamic Grid originate from its technical principles. It provides a con-sistent environmental model by design.

  • High Detection Rate - By low-level sensor fusion without object extraction
  • Low False Alarm Rate - By integrated estimation of static and dynamic objects
  • Runs on Automotive CPUs - By minimizing particles in static areas

Why is there a need for grid fusion as the next-generation sensor fusion technology? There are two major reasons for this:

1.   Current sensor fusion approaches have inherent properties that limit their applicability for next-generation driving functions and sensors.

2.    Integrated sensor fusion approaches resolve these limitations and thus, enable next-generation driving functions.

For more insights, please refer to our background article or watch the presenation.

When is the Dynamic Grid relevant?

The Dynamic Grid is the right solution for your project, if you...

  • use high-resolution point-cloud sensors like lidar or radar,
  • use semantic segmentation information,
  • address cluttered environments with both dynamic and static objects,
  • struggle with tricky scenes like roundabouts,
  • are looking for an approach that covers ISO26262 and ASIL B,
  • plan to utilize compute power comparable to an ARM Cortex-A72 or more powerful,
  • want a 100% white box approach in the form of self-contained MISRA-compliant C++ code.

Driving functions: Automated Parking, piloted driving, City AEB

The Dynamic Grid fusion is suited for automated parking applications. Besides its ability to detect and separate dynamic and static objects of all kinds, it also provides a dedicated feature to extract free parking spaces from the sensor data.
Piloted driving applications like Traffic Jam or Highway Pilot benefit from the capability of handling extended objects and providing a 360° perception around the vehicle, among others. A related use case is a radar sub-system with four corner radars which generates a unified output from all sensors of this modality.
Applications like City AEB are enabled by the capability of the Dynamic Grid to operate in crowded environments with many different object types and crossing traffic.

Grid Fusion Technology Overview

The Dynamic Grid transforms the data from high-resolution sensors into a unified and reliable representation of the vehicle's environment that is the basis for downstream algorithms like path planning and motion prediction.

The algorithm consists of an occupancy grid map and a particle filtering approach. This combination ensures the consistent estimation of static and dynamic objects, including object dynamics. Each grid cell receives one of the labels "statically occupied", "dynamically occupied" or "free". If a dynamic object occupies a cell, the cell additionally contains the object's velocity and driving direction. The Dynamic Grid can process additional class information to further improve the estimation quality, e.g., from cameras with semantic segmentation.

As an integrated low-level sensor fusion approach, the Dynamic Grid does not rely on explicit object extraction and, thus, does not suffer from error propagation due to early decisions. Instead, the classification between static and dynamic objects is based on more information, resulting in high detection and low false alarm rates. Per design, there are no conflicts between dynamic traffic participants and the static environment as they are derived from the same model at low latency.

Read more on our Sensor Fusion Hub.

Supported Sensors

The Dynamic Grid supports any sensor that provides dense information about the vehicle's environment. In particular, the Dynamic Grid is optimized for HD-radar sensors, semantic segmentation cameras, and LiDAR point cloud data.

How to get access to the Dynamic Grid?

Customers can evaluate the functional performance of the Dynamic Grid with low effort. On the basis of customer sensor data, BASELABS will provide a video or a binary file of the grid fusion, running with customer data. Contact us - Marcus and his team will support you with your evaluation. Productive licenses are available for development and for production.

Building your roadmap on the Dynamic Grid

BASELABS perfectly complements the business model of OEMs or system suppliers. Licensing the Dynamic Grid gives immediate and cost-efficient access to the technology. BASELABS continouosly invests into new relevant features to cover further driving functions and use cases. The maintenance of the software that typically consumes a lot of the available resources stays with BASELABS as well. Thus, users of the Dynamic Grid can focus on delivering the driving functions.

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